Multi-picture + video: Reveal the “Sand-pile Beacon” of the Tang Dynasty 1,200 Years ago

2022-06-25 0 By

The beacon Towers site in Yulikeyak, Xinjiang has been selected as one of the top 10 new archaeological discoveries in 2021.Yes, it’s this mound of sand that has been watching the desert desert for more than 1,200 years.From 2019 to 2021, with the approval of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, the Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology carried out an active archaeological excavation of the site, covering an area of 2,300 square meters, which identified it as the site of the “Shaduifeng” in the Tang Dynasty and achieved significant harvest.Archaeological achievements have been selected into the 2019 “Archaeological China” Silk Road major project achievements and “New Archaeological Discoveries in China in 2020”, which have attracted extensive attention from the archaeological circle and the society.Three-dimensional restoration of its location, located in Xinjiang Bazhou Yuli County, one of the Peacock River beacon group.This is a national key cultural relic protection site, made up of 11 beacon towers.First discovered in 1896 by Swedish explorer Sven Heding;In 1914, British explorer David Stein surveyed nine beacons on the Peacock River.But it has long attracted the attention of archaeology at home and abroad.See the “Yingpan Ancient City” at the bottom of the diagram?It was selected as one of the top ten new archaeological discoveries in China in 1997.Later, it was selected as one of the top ten national archaeological tombs in 2004. It is not far from here and belongs to a tributary of kongque River.What cultural relics have been unearthed?It may disappoint some people, because there’s not a lot of gold, silver and bronze.A total of 1450 pieces (groups) of various cultural relics have been excavated, including 883 pieces of documents (758 paper documents, 119 wooden slips, 4 silk manuscripts, and 2 engraved words). This is the most valuable discovery, the number of its, the richness of the content, exciting and amazed the archaeological community.Military instruments account for the vast majority of these.Like the three wooden slips above (1 is positive and negative), respectively record the words “On August 19 linhe feng ma Pu feng”, “on the fourth row”, “on the 17th the first plate to send sand pile”, “Linhe feng form when the feng on all sides stopped nothing”, “and the feng five people and get peace kaiyuan on August 10, 2004 feng Shuai Jiang Guo”.After analysis, these wooden slips are “plan will hand in the brand” physical specimens.In addition, there are also unearthed wood tablets recording the inspection system of “Safe fire” and “All games”, which are the first unearthed in China, making up for the lack of unknown military documents in the Tang Dynasty.In addition to wooden slips, the content recorded on paper documents is more abundant.For example, figure 1, “The guard, in accordance with the previous call in the territory by the yangjia far guard, if there is movement, hurry to report, and call Yulin town permit.Each ultimatum, ultimatum to the quasi – form, so ultimatum…”, no problem preparedness arrangements.Figure 2, “playing chess on the town sand 塠 feng bing Zhao Liude borrow a hair bag, a piece of feng Ngan”, more than 20 words are basically today’s iOU;Picture 3 below, “The winter scenery had ended, spring had forced, the phenophon took advantage of the new reason for the shift, but we had little appetite for winning.Thai is in the town.”These are letters from the garrison to their families;The bride returns, if her suitcase does not open.Before he had finished, he went out and bowed down to his envoy, and the boy came to his chariot as ill as the wind and rain.Then friend’s mother called heaven and earth. Zhenfu said, “What good is heaven? What time is it late to step on the earth?This is an excerpt from the folk love story han Peng Fu.The two paper documents are pieces of filial piety sutra and Buddhist Sutra respectively.The unearthed documents include letters, novels, iou notes, Buddhist scriptures, etc., as well as records of major laws and regulations, major events and activities of historical figures, as well as trivial matters of personal life. It can be said that it is an “archive” that comprehensively reflects the frontier life of the Tang Dynasty.What is more surprising is that among the unearthed documents, a physical specimen of “Youxian Grotto” was found.The novel by Tang Dynasty Zhang Zhuo (Nian Zhuo), it had been lost in China not documented, but widely spread in Japan.In order to bring this precious cultural heritage back to China, Lu Xun had done a lot of sorting.The paper documents excavated from the Site of the Beacon Towers in Keakkuduk are the earliest and only physical specimens extant in China, with high value.In addition to various documents, the unearthed pieces of armor, hemp shoes, wooden peels for mending fishing nets, calabash with rope and other objects, as well as a large number of plant seeds and animal bones, also confirm that the soldiers for guarding the border areas 1,200 years ago needed to cultivate the land while guarding themselves, and improved their livelihood by hunting and fishing.Unearthed documents also recorded that some garrison soldiers gave “pickles” and “dried vegetable leaves” as gifts to their superiors, which shows the hardship of frontier stuffing life.Eugenic acid, the main ingredient in wine, was found on excavated gourd fragments.This discovery, as if to confirm the “grape wine glistening cup, to drink lute immediately urge” the real existence of this scene.How were these artifacts discovered?At the beginning of the excavation in 2019, the archaeologists did not hold out much hope that “three months became complete”.Unexpectedly, they found 6 ash heap ruins on the slope around the site, 5 of which were the accumulation of various kinds of household garbage, especially in the lee to the sun, less traveled no. 1 ash heap, they found a large number of wooden slips and paper documents.These ash piles are sealed by natural wind-blown sand and are four to five meters thick at their thickest.Like construction workers, the archaeological team set up a sieve beside the beacon towers and sifted sand over and over again.The paper documents hidden in the ash pile are not rolled or large, but badly damaged fragments, after thousands of years of sand deposition, into fingernail-sized fragments, but also rolled up, mixed with the grass is difficult to distinguish.It was sifted six times, and in the end more than 1,400 cultural relics were “screened”.The archaeological dig lasted three years.In 2020, the archaeological team returned to Urumqi from the desert until the eve of the Chinese New Year.At the end of 2021, when leaving the archaeological site, hu Xingjun, the team leader, wrote a pair of couplets: The desert is lonely and smoky, and the long river is setting sun from the glory.Hengpi: a feng ten years.Every new archaeological discovery is condensed behind the painstaking efforts of the archaeologists, salute to them!(Shang Jie li Hui, all-media reporter for Guangming Daily, photos and videos provided by Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology) Sifting out cultural relics in sand and making phone calls to interpret documents requires patience and care.More pictures + Video: Reveal the “Sand Pagoda” of the Tang Dynasty 1,200 Years ago